The unique ecosystem of the Delta do Parnaíba

The Delta of Parnaíba is one of the three largest deltas in the world. Like the Nile and the Mekong River it has a unique ecosystem. Parnaíba is the entrance to this magisterial natural paradise.

Location: on the border of Piauí and Maranhão, states in the North-East of Brazil

Size: 2.700 square kilometres, divided in more than 70 islands

Particularity: it’s one out of the three biggest deltas in the world. Only the Nile in Egypt and the Mekong Delta in Vietnam are bigger.

Main river: Rio Parnaíba, which is 1.485 kilometres long and 2 kilometres wide.

Main islands: Ilha Grande and Ilha das Canarias

Shape: the Delta is compared with a hand of which the open fingers represent the Barra de Tutoia, Barra do Caju, Barra do Igaraçu, Barra das Canárias and Barra da Melancieira.

Average temperature: 26 degrees

Lowest temperature: 17,5 degrees Celsius on the 5th of July 1974

Highest temperature: 38,2 degrees Celsius on the 25th of November 1993

Animals: monkeys, snakes, turtles, crabs, frogs, piranhas, snakes, alligators and a lot of birds such as the scarlet ibis

Natural phenomenon’s: rivers, mangrove, lagoons, Carnaúba bushes, dunes, beaches

Most special spot to see this nature: Ilha do Caju, a privately owned island named after its huge amount of cashew trees. To enjoy the perfectly preserved nature, you can book a stay in the only pousada on the island.

Population groups: Canárias, Passarinho, Torto and Caiçara

How to reach Parnaíba: although Parnaíba itself has a small airport, it’s better to fly to Teresina. From Teresina you can take a direct bus that takes about 5 hours for 330 kilometres.